Tiny Japanese Satellite To Preform Incredible Orbital Feat

Tiny Japanese Satellite To Preform Incredible Orbital Feat

The robotic Japanese cargo vessel now en route to the International Space Station is loaded with food, clothes, equipment — and a set of tiny amateur radio satellites, including one that will write Morse code messages in the sky.

Japan’s unmanned H-2 Transfer Vehicle-3 launched July 20 and is slated to arrive at the station Friday (July 27). The ultrasmall satellites it’s carrying, which are known as cubesats, will likely remain on the orbiting lab until September, when they’ll be deployed by Japanese astronaut Akihiko Hoshide using the Kibo module’s robotic arm.

One of the cubesats, FITSAT-1, will write messages in the night sky with Morse code, helping researchers test out optical communication techniques for satellites, researchers said.

Artificial star

FITSAT-1 was developed at Japan’s Fukuoka Institute of Technology (FIT). It’s nicknamed NIWAKA, which derives from “Hakata Niwaka,” an improvised performance of traditional Japanese comedies with masks.

One of FITSAT-1’s experimental duties is to twinkle as an artificial star, said project leader Takushi Tanaka, an FIT professor of computer science and engineering. Tanaka’s research interests include artificial intelligence, language processing, logic programming and robot soccer, in addition to cubesats. [Video: Watch Robots Play Soccer]

Tipping the scales at just under 3 pounds (1.33 kilograms), FITSAT-1 carries high power light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that will produce extremely bright flashes.

“These, we hope, will be observable by the unaided eye or with small binoculars,” Tanaka says on a FITSAT-1 website.

After its deployment from the orbiting lab, the cubesat’s high-output LEDs will blink in flash mode, generating a Morse code beacon signal.

Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights or clicks that can be understood by a skilled listener or observer.

“I am sure that FITSAT will work in space,” Tanaka told SPACE.com, adding that the cubesat will likely be deployed Sept. 6.

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