66. COMETS

from Come Fly With Me – Exploring Science through aviation and aerospace concepts. SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Large TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Discussion Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Open Discovery Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Comet Orbit Period SKILLS: Reading for Information Interpreting Data Objectives: To understand the structure of a comet; to understand comet orbits and periods. Materials: Books, pamphlets, etc., on comets. Teacher Background Information: In 582 AD, Gregory of Tours wrote the following: “. . . there were rains, lightnings and great thunderclaps in the month of January. Trees blossomed; the comet appeared in such a … Continue reading 66. COMETS

65. HOW LONG ‘TIL WE GET THERE?

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Individual TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Activity Discussion ~ TEACHING STRATEGY Guided Discovery Discussion CONCEPTS: Light Year Relative Distance Space Travel SKILLS: Reading and Interpreting Data Computation Objectives: To provide the opportunity to calculate distances from Earth to a “nearby” star; to understand one of the difficulties about traveling in space is the time it takes to get somewhere. how long activity sheet Materials: Activity sheet provided. Teacher Background Information: One of the major problems with space travel is the amount of time it takes to cover the vast distances to even … Continue reading 65. HOW LONG ‘TIL WE GET THERE?

64. LUNAR CRATER DEMONSTRATION

from Come Fly With Me – Exploring Science through aviation and aerospace concepts. SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Cratering Interpreting Data Modeling SKILLS: Modeling Experimenting Interpreting Data Objectives: To simulate the cratering process found on the Moon and planets; to investigate the effects of the angle of the Sun on the viability of craters in photographs; to demonstrate the aging process of craters on the Moon. lunar craters image Ranger image E Ranger image K Materials: Five petri dishes; fine mesh sand; simulated raindrop … Continue reading 64. LUNAR CRATER DEMONSTRATION

63. A TRIP TO THE PLANETS

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: Several periods TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Open Discovery Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Solar System Planet Environment SKILLS: Reading for Information Presenting Data Objectives: To provide students with an understanding of some of the similarities and differences between the planets; to provide an understanding of the environmental conditions of the planets. Jupiter image Materials: Books, pamphlets, etc., on the various planets; discussion sheet. Teacher Background Information: The ancient astronomers observed points of light in the sky which appeared to wander among the stars. They called these objects planets, which means “wanderers,” … Continue reading 63. A TRIP TO THE PLANETS

62. RADIO TELESCOPES

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small or Large TIME: 45 Minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Teacher Demonstration or Student Activity TEACHING STRATEGY: Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parabolic Reflector Radio waves Directionality of Radio waves SKILLS: Observation Modeling Interpreting Data Objectives: To see how a radio telescope works; to understand some of the reasons for using radio telescopes. radio telescope demonstration setup 1 radio telescope demonstration setup 2 Materials: Radio; umbrella; heavy-duty aluminum foil (to line the inside of the umbrella). Teacher Background Information: “Our galaxy, the Milky Way, contains between 100 billion and 300 billion stars. One star out of every … Continue reading 62. RADIO TELESCOPES

61. PARALLAX TWO

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Large or Small TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parallax Relative Distance Relative Motion SKILLS: Measuring Graphing Plotting Data Objective: To learn how parallax can be used to determine the relative distance to the stars; to calculate, using parallax, the distance to an object in the classroom. relative distance measurement diagram star chart Materials: Meter stick; 2 styrofoam balls; chalkboard; block with mounted protractor; ruler; graph paper. Teacher Background Information: Before class begins, draw and number about 10 vertical lines on the chalkboard with 30cm between … Continue reading 61. PARALLAX TWO

60. PARALLAX ONE

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7.8.9 GROUP SIZE: Small or Large TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Teacher Demo or Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parallax Measuring Long Distances SKILLS: Observation Measuring Plotting Data Objective: To provide students with an understanding that near objects appear to change their positions more than distant objects when the position of the observer changes. parallax illustration Materials: Two paper cups; meter stick; table or desk; chalkboard or wall; chalk. Teacher Background Information: As we drive down the highway and look at a tree in the field, the tree seems to change position against … Continue reading 60. PARALLAX ONE

59. ASTRONOMICAL UNIT

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Activity Modeling TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Astronomical Unit Solar System Distance SKILLS: Modeling Measuring Plotting Data Objectives: To gain experience with the concept of Astronomical Unit (A.U.); to construct a scale model of the solar system using A.U.’s. planets – relative sizes Materials: 1 meter stick per group; tape measure 40 meters long (optional); 1 adding machine tape per group; pencil. Teacher Background Information: In the study of astronomy, astronomers use a convenient unit of measurement known as an Astronomical Unit or A.U. The … Continue reading 59. ASTRONOMICAL UNIT

58. READING AND PLOTTING WEATHER DATA

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7.8.9 GROUP SIZE: Large TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Activity Skill Practice TEACHING STRATEGY Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Weather Symbols Weather Maps Meteorology SKILLS: Reading and Interpreting Data Plotting Data Objective: To practice reading and using the standard weather symbols used around the world. weather data activity worksheet Materials: Activity sheet and pencils. Teacher Background Information: Understanding and predicting the weather is a vital concern of aviation and space for poor weather can cause delays and cancellations of flights, at best, and loss of life, at worst. As a protection from misunderstanding, weather symbols have … Continue reading 58. READING AND PLOTTING WEATHER DATA