64. LUNAR CRATER DEMONSTRATION

from Come Fly With Me – Exploring Science through aviation and aerospace concepts. SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Cratering Interpreting Data Modeling SKILLS: Modeling Experimenting Interpreting Data Objectives: To simulate the cratering process found on the Moon and planets; to investigate the effects of the angle of the Sun on the viability of craters in photographs; to demonstrate the aging process of craters on the Moon. lunar craters image Ranger image E Ranger image K Materials: Five petri dishes; fine mesh sand; simulated raindrop … Continue reading 64. LUNAR CRATER DEMONSTRATION

63. A TRIP TO THE PLANETS

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: Several periods TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Open Discovery Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Solar System Planet Environment SKILLS: Reading for Information Presenting Data Objectives: To provide students with an understanding of some of the similarities and differences between the planets; to provide an understanding of the environmental conditions of the planets. Jupiter image Materials: Books, pamphlets, etc., on the various planets; discussion sheet. Teacher Background Information: The ancient astronomers observed points of light in the sky which appeared to wander among the stars. They called these objects planets, which means “wanderers,” … Continue reading 63. A TRIP TO THE PLANETS

62. RADIO TELESCOPES

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small or Large TIME: 45 Minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Teacher Demonstration or Student Activity TEACHING STRATEGY: Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parabolic Reflector Radio waves Directionality of Radio waves SKILLS: Observation Modeling Interpreting Data Objectives: To see how a radio telescope works; to understand some of the reasons for using radio telescopes. radio telescope demonstration setup 1 radio telescope demonstration setup 2 Materials: Radio; umbrella; heavy-duty aluminum foil (to line the inside of the umbrella). Teacher Background Information: “Our galaxy, the Milky Way, contains between 100 billion and 300 billion stars. One star out of every … Continue reading 62. RADIO TELESCOPES

61. PARALLAX TWO

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Large or Small TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parallax Relative Distance Relative Motion SKILLS: Measuring Graphing Plotting Data Objective: To learn how parallax can be used to determine the relative distance to the stars; to calculate, using parallax, the distance to an object in the classroom. relative distance measurement diagram star chart Materials: Meter stick; 2 styrofoam balls; chalkboard; block with mounted protractor; ruler; graph paper. Teacher Background Information: Before class begins, draw and number about 10 vertical lines on the chalkboard with 30cm between … Continue reading 61. PARALLAX TWO

60. PARALLAX ONE

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7.8.9 GROUP SIZE: Small or Large TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Teacher Demo or Student Investigation TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Parallax Measuring Long Distances SKILLS: Observation Measuring Plotting Data Objective: To provide students with an understanding that near objects appear to change their positions more than distant objects when the position of the observer changes. parallax illustration Materials: Two paper cups; meter stick; table or desk; chalkboard or wall; chalk. Teacher Background Information: As we drive down the highway and look at a tree in the field, the tree seems to change position against … Continue reading 60. PARALLAX ONE

59. ASTRONOMICAL UNIT

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Activity Modeling TEACHING STRATEGY: Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Astronomical Unit Solar System Distance SKILLS: Modeling Measuring Plotting Data Objectives: To gain experience with the concept of Astronomical Unit (A.U.); to construct a scale model of the solar system using A.U.’s. planets – relative sizes Materials: 1 meter stick per group; tape measure 40 meters long (optional); 1 adding machine tape per group; pencil. Teacher Background Information: In the study of astronomy, astronomers use a convenient unit of measurement known as an Astronomical Unit or A.U. The … Continue reading 59. ASTRONOMICAL UNIT

58. READING AND PLOTTING WEATHER DATA

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7.8.9 GROUP SIZE: Large TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Activity Skill Practice TEACHING STRATEGY Expository Guided Discovery CONCEPTS: Weather Symbols Weather Maps Meteorology SKILLS: Reading and Interpreting Data Plotting Data Objective: To practice reading and using the standard weather symbols used around the world. weather data activity worksheet Materials: Activity sheet and pencils. Teacher Background Information: Understanding and predicting the weather is a vital concern of aviation and space for poor weather can cause delays and cancellations of flights, at best, and loss of life, at worst. As a protection from misunderstanding, weather symbols have … Continue reading 58. READING AND PLOTTING WEATHER DATA

57. WEATHER FRONTS MOVE

SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Small TIME: 60 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Student Investigation Discussion TEACHING STRATEGY: Guided Discovery Expository CONCEPTS: Weather Front Weather Map High/Low Pressure SKILLS: Reading for Information Interpreting Data Objective: To measure the speed at which a front or a high moves. weather fronts activity sheet Materials: Activity sheet; cm ruler. Teacher Background Information: One of the ways meteorologists can predict what the weather will look like for a particular area over the next few days, is to measure the speed at which the weather fronts are moving. This is helpful for pilots, for example, … Continue reading 57. WEATHER FRONTS MOVE

56. TILT!

latitude and longitude activity illustrations launch site and flight path SUBJECT: Science GRADE: 7,8,9 GROUP SIZE: Large TIME: 45 minutes TYPE OF ACTIVITY: Teacher/Student Demonstration TEACHING STRATEGY Guided Discovery Discussion CONCEPTS: Earth Rotation Satellite Track Axis Tilt SKILLS: Observation Inference Interpreting Data Objective: To demonstrate that satellites pass over different parts of the Earth on each revolution because the Earth is rotating beneath it. Materials: Yardstick; large balloon (light in color and able to inflate to at least 15″ in diameter or larger (circular in shape); two rubber bands; two felt markers (one black and one red); one large map … Continue reading 56. TILT!